Changing weather conditions in the autumn season becomes a real test for the human immune system and provokes an exacerbation of many chronic diseases. Almost constant companions of autumn are 6 groups of seasonal pathologies. These include: acute respiratory viral infections, pathology of the nervous system and psyche, pathology of the gastrointestinal tract, heart and vascular diseases, acute diseases of the urinary system and seasonal hypothyroidism.

Acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI)

The immune system, weakened in the autumn, is often unable to effectively overcome the attack of viruses and bacteria. As a result, the human body becomes easy prey for all kinds of seasonal infections that lead to inflammation of the pharynx (pharyngitis), larynx (laryngitis), tonsils (sore throat and exacerbation of chronic tonsillitis), ear (otitis media), trachea (tracheitis), bronchi (bronchitis), pneumonia, etc. These diseases can be prevented by strengthening the immune system with the help of hardening, eating healthy food, taking vitamins, immunomodulating agents and using traditional medicine methods.

Pathology of the nervous system and psyche

Shortening of daylight hours, lack of ultraviolet light, gloomy weather, autumn slush and mud usually worsen the mood. In autumn, the frequency of neurosis and psychosis increases, which are accompanied by irritability, a feeling of increased anxiety and insomnia. Sports, going to the solarium, auto-training and taking sedatives help to overcome depression. If these methods do not have the desired effect, you should contact a neurologist, psychotherapist or psychiatrist.

Pathology of the gastrointestinal tract

Autumn is a period of hard work. At this time, you have to get up early and go to bed late. As a result, stress or depression occurs. It is not always possible to take food in a timely manner. Many people have a snack on the go, eat in dry water. Decreased immunity contributes to the activation of the bacterium Helikobacter Pylory. This leads to the fact that chronic gastritis, duodenitis, peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum worsen in the fall. To prevent exacerbations, you should stick to a diet, drink mineral water without gas, avoid stress and contact a gastroenterologist in a timely manner.

 Diseases of the cardiovascular system

Sharp fluctuations in daily temperature and jumps in atmospheric pressure usually lead to the fact that hypertensive crises occur more often in the fall, chest pains increase and headaches bother. Ischemic heart disease, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, stroke — not a complete list of diseases that make themselves felt with the arrival of cold weather.

People suffering from these diseases should definitely visit a doctor in September—October in order to correct therapy and maintain the normal functioning of the cardiovascular system. In addition, this group of patients should adhere to a diet with a restriction of salt and animal fats, walk more outdoors, avoid stress, observe a work and rest regime, as well as visit a therapist and a cardiologist on time.

Acute diseases of the urinary system

Hypothermia is a common phenomenon for autumn. It mainly affects women who like to wear short skirts and thin tights in severe weather. Usually hypothermia leads to an exacerbation of such diseases of the urinary system as cystitis, pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis, etc.

These pathologies, as a rule, are manifested by frequent painful urination and are accompanied by violations of the qualitative and quantitative composition of urine. To avoid these diseases, you should always try to dress according to the weather, contact a therapist in time, ENT-to a doctor and dentist for the treatment of “dormant” foci of chronic infection of another localization.

Seasonal hypothyroidism

In autumn, there is a decrease in the synthesis of hormones by the thyroid gland. Clinical signs of hypothyroidism are constant fatigue, an increase in body weight, an unreasonable change in mood, a feeling of chills, pain in muscles and joints. In case of problems with the thyroid gland, it is recommended to visit an endocrinologist, and for preventive purposes, you should include more seafood in your diet and use iodized salt.

Knowing what dangerous diseases most often lie in wait for us in the fall, you can easily protect yourself and your family from them.

Forewarned means armed. Be healthy!